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The International Observatory on Vulnerable People In data protection

Resources

Disclaimer: The resources are arranged per thematic sections to facilitate the consultation. However, we are aware of the intersections and overlaps thereof. We are also aware that pre-identifying categories of vulnerable people in data processing is not possible, vulnerability being a largely contextual and elusive concept. We are not claiming to be exhaustive, but to initiate a discussion.

Do you have any suggestions as to how improve the repository? Have you come across any resource that should be included in the repository? Contact us.

Consumers

- Academic writings

Benjamin, A. H. V., Marques, C. L. & Bessa L. R. (2009). Manual de Direito do Consumidor. 2. ed. São Paulo: Revista dos Tribunais, p. 73

Bright, L. F., Logan, K., & Lim, H. S. (2022). Social Media Fatigue and Privacy: An Exploration of Antecedents to Consumers’ Concerns regarding the Security of Their Personal Information on Social Media Platforms. Journal of Interactive Advertising, 1-16. https://doi.org/10.1080/15252019.2022.2051097

Liyanaarachchi, G., Deshpande, S., & Weaven, S. (2020). Market-oriented corporate digital responsibility to manage data vulnerability in online banking. International Journal of Bank Marketing https://doi.org/10.1108/IJBM-06-2020-0313

Marques, C.L., Pfeiffer, R.A.C. (2022). Dissemination of Consumer Law and Policy in Brazil: The Impact of EU Law. J Consum Policy 45, 27–48. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10603-022-09503-w

Sartor, G. (2020). New Aspects And Challenges In Consumer Protection – Digital Services And Artificial Intelligence, Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies Directorate-General for Internal Policies https://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/etudes/STUD/2020/648790/IPOL_STU(2020)648790_EN.pdf

van Ooijen, I., & Vrabec, H. U. (2019). Does the GDPR enhance consumers’ control over personal data? An analysis from a behavioural perspective. Journal of consumer policy42(1), 91-107. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10603-018-9399-7

Wang, E. S. T. (2019). Role of privacy legislations and online business brand image in consumer perceptions of online privacy risk. Journal of theoretical and applied electronic commerce research14(2), 59-69. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-18762019000200106   

- NGO Reports & Articles

BEUC (2021). EU Consumer Protection 2.0. Structural asymmetries in digital consumer markets https://www.beuc.eu/publications/beuc-x-2021-018_eu_consumer_protection.0_0.pdf

BEUC (2021). EU Consumer Protection 2.0. The Regulatory Gap: Consumer protection in the digital economy

https://www.beuc.eu/publications/beuc-x-2021-116_the_regulatory_gap-consumer_protection_in_the_digital_economy.pdf

BEUC (2022). EU Consumer Protection 2.0. Protecting fairness and consumer choice in a digital economy https://www.beuc.eu/publications/eu-consumer-protection-20-protecting-fairness-and-consumer-choice-digital-economy/html

- Data Protection Authorities' Guidance

European Data Protection Board  Guidelines 8/2020 on the targeting of social media users https://edpb.europa.eu/system/files/2021-04/edpb_guidelines_082020_on_the_targeting_of_social_media_users_en.pdf

European Data Protection Board Guidelines 2/2019 on the processing of personal data under Article 6(1)(b) GDPR in the context of the provision of online services to data subjects https://edpb.europa.eu/sites/default/files/files/file1/edpb_guidelines-art_6-1-b-adopted_after_public_consultation_en.pdf

- Laws

- Case Law

European Court of Human Rights

Breyer v. Germany (Fifth Section) 50001/12 2020 https://hudoc.echr.coe.int/eng?i=001-200442

Court of Justice of the European Union

Maximilian Schrems v. Facebook Ireland Limited (Third Chamber) ECLI:EU:C:2018:37 2018 https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:62016CJ0498&from=GA

Fashion ID GmbH & Co. KG v. Verbraucherzentrale NRW eV (Second Chamber) ECLI:EU:C:2018:1039 2018 https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:62017CC0040&from=EN

Bundesverband der Verbraucherzentralen und Verbraucherverbände — Verbraucherzentrale Bundesverband eV v. Planet49 GmbH (Grand Chamber) ECLI:EU:C:2019:801 2019 https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:62017CJ0673&from=EN

- National Courts

Brazilian Superior Court of Justice, STJ, Recurso Especial n. 1.061.500/RS, julg. em 04/11/2008 

- Policy documents

- Global Developments

- Others