The International Observatory on Vulnerable People In data protection
Disclaimer: The resources are arranged per thematic sections to facilitate the consultation. However, we are aware of the intersections and overlaps thereof. And that AI is generating new categories outside the traditional ones. We are also aware that pre-identifying categories of vulnerable people in data processing is not possible, vulnerability being a largely contextual and elusive concept. We are not claiming to be exhaustive, but to initiate a discussion.
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People on a low or zero income
- Academic writings
Konder, C. N. (2015). Vulnerabilidade patrimonial e vulnerabilidade existential: por um sistema diferenciador. Revista de Direito do Consumidor. 99, 101-123.
Madden, M., Gilman, M., Levy, K., & Marwick, A. (2017). Privacy, poverty, and big data: A matrix of vulnerabilities for poor Americans. Wash. UL Rev., 95, 53.
Marwick, A., Fontaine, C., & Boyd, D. (2017). “Nobody sees it, nobody gets mad”: Social Media, privacy, and personal responsibility among low-SES youth. Social Media+ Society, 3(2). https://doi.org/10.1177/2056305117710455
Mhlanga, D. (2023). FinTech and Financial Inclusion: Application of AI to the Problem of Financial Exclusion What Are the Challenges. In FinTech and Artificial Intelligence for Sustainable Development: The Role of Smart Technologies in Achieving Development Goals (pp. 317-335). Cham: Springer Nature Switzerland. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-37776-1_14
Taylor, M. R. & Walsh, E. T. (2018) When Corporal Acts Are Labeled Criminal: Lack of Privacy among the Homeless. Sociology Mind, 8, 130-142. doi: 10.4236/sm.2018.82011
Gangadharan, S. (2021). Digital exclusion: A politics of refusal. Digital technology and democratic theory, 113-140.
Lerman, J. (2013). Big data and its exclusions. Stan. L. Rev. Online, 66, 55. http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2293765
Ranchordás, S. (2020). Connected but still excluded? Digital exclusion beyond internet access. The Cambridge Handbook of Life Sciences, Informative Technology and Human Rights (Cambridge University Press, 2021, Forthcoming), University of Groningen Faculty of Law Research Paper, (40). http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3675360
- NGO Reports
Medine, D. & Gayatri M. (2020) Making Data Work for the Poor: New Approaches to Data Protection and Privacy. Washington, D.C.: CGAP. https://www.cgap.org/sites/default/files/publications/2020_01_Focus_Note_Making_Data_Work_for_Poor_0.pdf